Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Can Orthotics help foot, knee or back pain?

Orthotics for Foot Pain, Knee Pain and Back Pain


            Orthotics are prescribed and recommended by chiropractors, podiatrists and other health care professionals, and are custom-made for the patient's postural problems. Custom orthotic inserts provide functional support and cushioning.
Custom-made orthotics are designed to allow your feet to maintain their structural and functional balance. Your feet are the foundation of your body, to support your body when you stand, walk, or run; they assist you in locomotion; and they absorb forces or shock as you move to protect your spine, pelvis, and muscles.
Your feet are at optimal functioning when all the bones and arches are in their ideal stable positions. Foot problems such as weakness, instability, flat feet, or high arches will often contribute to postural problems in the rest of the body, which may lead to spinal misalignment. Custom-made orthotics will help to keep the feet in a stable and desirable position. On the photo to the left, you can see what over-pronation (rolling in) of the subtalar joint can do to the ankle, knee, hip, pelvis, spine and even the shoulders and neck. It is estimated that over 80% of the population have pronation problems which can lead to plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, bunions, knee pain and OA, sciatic impingement and scolisis of the spine.

How can orthotics correct over-pronation and pes planus (flat feet)?
When the foot is over-pronated (flat footed), the femur and the tibia stay in internal rotation.  (see pic above with left foot) This causes other parts of your body to compensate, changing the muscular structure and biomechanics of the gait cycle.
Orthotics will support the medial arch and keep the subtalar joint in a neutral position. In other words, when the foot is casted to correct the pronation, the joint is put in the correct position to compensate for the excessive "rolling in" of the ankle. The above picture illustrates how the custom orthotic aligns the foot and ankle in the correct postion.
Custom-made orthotics should be prescribed and casted by a licensed health care professional. Chiropractors, Chiropodists, and Podiatrists are experts in foot and gait mechanics and the effects of these problems on other areas of the body.

For more information Dr. Brent Moyer can be contacted at Brant Arts Chiropractic 905-637-6100. www.drbrentmoyer.com Twitter: @brantartschiro Facebook: Brant Arts Chiropractic

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